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Monday, January 20, 2014

The Term Game.... #1

IT'S HERE!!!!  IT'S FINALLY HERE!!!

WHAT YOU ASK???? OMG!!!!! IT'S ONLY THE MOST AWESOME GAME IN THE WORLD!!!!
THAT'S RIGHT.... THIS GAME IS KNOWN WORLD WIDE AND HAS A LOYAL APUSH FOLLOWING!!!  PAST STUDENTS BEG ME TO ALLOW THEM TO PLAY - BUT THAT JUST WOULDN'T BE FAIR TO YOU...... ROOKIES!!!

Ok, so let me explain to you once again (since I did this in class already).  I will start the game off by giving you a historical term of which you have had since the beginning of this year.  The person responding to me, must give the HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE of that term and then that person names the next term, beginning with the next letter. Here is an example (not related to the subject, just so none of you really smart children decide to try and rip mine off....):

EXAMPLE:
I post the word "APPLE"
John Doe responses with: "A fruit of which fell from a tree and hit Isaac Newton in the head; thus launching the Scientific Revolution"  NEXT WORD: BATS.....

And thus the game would have begun.  Again, remember that my example is NOT one of your historical terms.  You can use ANY of the terms you have from Chapter 1 through 13.  If you get lost, you can always refer to the APUSH 1 Term list on my website - but you should be able to pull them directly from your notebooks.

Dealing with X, Y, and Z words.  True, there aren't many of these in your APUSH historical terms, but to make the game interesting - when you get to any of these three letters, you must use any that does exist.  If there are no more words that begin with X, Y, or Z (x & z will be the hardest), then you can declare a "SKIP" and move to the next letter.  WARNING:  if the person responding to your next letter finds a word that has not be used - then they can declare a FOUL and YOU (the one that declared the "SKIP" will lose point.

When you reach the end of the alphabet - you just start back with the letter "A"

How to win at this game.  Post the most historical significant definitions and new words.  The winner gets a free homework pass on any homework assignment they choose!!!

The game stops at mid-night on Friday!!!

GOOD LUCK!!!!


FIRST WORD: Articles of Confederation (AOC)

243 comments:

  1. Articles of Confederation (AOC):
    The first "constitution" governing the Untied States after the Revolution; it was ratified in 1781 and it provided for a "firm league of friendship;" the legislative branch (Congress) had no power to regulate commerce or forcibly collect taxes and there was no national executive or judicial branch; it was an important stepping-stone towards the present constitution because without it the states would never have consented to the Constitution. The strengths of this document were that it concluded the revolutionary war with the treaty of Paris in 1783, it kept the states together with a common national citizenship, and settled the question of western land claims.

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    1. The term describing the social and political views of the Puritain Massachusetts Bay colony in New England. They felt that they had a covenant with God to built a pious society that would be a model for all of mankind. They felt that the only purpose of government was to enforce God's law. As such, only freemen in the colony could be a part of the colony's provincial government, and only the visible saints (those who had received the gift of God's grace) could be freemen (members of the Congregational Church).

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    1. a British general who fought in the Seven Years War, was elected to the House of Commons in 1760, and lost battles to George Washington on December 26, 1776 and on January 3, 1777. Cornwallis made his mark on history, even though he could never ensure an overall British win over the Americans. He had many individual victories and losses against the Americans in the American Revolution and will always be remembered as a great and powerful general.

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    1. The concept among the English Separatists that fled religious prosecution in England that their children were absorbing too much Dutch culture, and not retaining their English culture. This dilemma was what convinced the Separatists to travel to the New World, where they ended up establishing Plymouth.

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    1. Act that forbade the export of goods from the U.S. in order to hurt the economies of the warring nations of France and Britain. The act slowed the economy of New England and the south and was seen as one of many precursors to war.

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    1. The Huguenots were a groups of French Protestants that lived from about 1560 to 1629. Protestantism was introduced into France between 1520 and 1523, and the principles were accepted by many members of the nobility, the intellectual classes, and the middle class. At first the new religious group was royally protected, but toward the end of the reign of King Francis I they were persecuted. Nevertheless, they continued to grow.

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    2. Albert Gallatin was the Secretary of Treasury under the Jefferson administration. He was able to balance the national budget and reduce the national debt despite very little income.

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  8. Half Way Covenant (sorry posted it under the wrong thing)

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    1. The Half-way Covenant applied to those members of the Puritan colonies who were the children of church members, but who hadn't achieved grace themselves. The covenant allowed them to participate in some church affairs.

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    1. The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the Constitution. The House of Representatives may impeach the president by a majority vote for "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."

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    2. Impeachment is an act that charges an official with misconduct in office.

      After the Marbury case, the Republicans tried to impeach Samuel Chase for "high crimes and misdemeanors." However, the Senate trial proved that Chase never committed any crimes or misdemeanors, so he wasn't kicked out. The failure to impeach Chase showed separation of powers between govt. branches.

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  10. Replies
    1. Also known as the Society of Jesus; founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism.

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    1. Poet that wrote "The Star Spangled Banner" in 1814 during the War of 1812. Written while watching Americans defend Fort McHenry. The poem has become an important part of American identity

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    2. He wrote the Star Spangled Banner after witnessing the British attack on Baltimore

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    1. War chief of the Miami Confederacy. He defeated the United States in their worst defeat in the entire history of the American frontier at the border of Ohio and Indiana

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    2. Theory that people are born with certain unalienable rights such as the right to liberty. The Declaration of Independence used this to justify breaking away from Britain

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  14. Replies
    1. Appointed by Adams as one of the midnight judges. Then, the Secretary of State under Jefferson, Madison, he sued to get it, claiming he was legally owed his commission. The case went to the Supreme Court, where Marshall denied it, on the grounds that the Judiciary Act, on which Marbury based his case, was unconstitutional. This then gave the Supreme Court final say over weather a law is constitutional or not, which had not been established up to that point

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  15. Next: Narnia. JKKKK natural rights!

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    1. Jefferson used Natural Rights in the declaration of Independence and he gave his appeal universality by invoking "natural rights" not just British rights. (John Locke)

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    1. dynamic soldier-statesman who became keenly interested in prison reform after one of his friends died in a debtors’ jail. He repelled Spanish attacks. Oglethorpe also saves “the Charity Colony” by his energetic leadership and by heavily mortgaging his own personal fortune. Founder of Georgia in 1733; soldier, statesman, philanthropist. Started Georgia as a haven for people in debt because of his interest in prison reform. Almost single-handedly kept Georgia afloat.

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    2. Philanthropist who founded Georgia as a debtor's refuge

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  17. Replies
    1. A group of seven Indian tribes that controlled Virginia. It was led by Powhatan and was an agricultural group. They allowed the original English Settlers to survive

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  18. Replies
    1. Officially Religious Society of Friends, nicknamed because they ‘quaked’ under deep religious emotion
      Offensive to both religious and civil authorities, often persecuted for beliefs
      Refused to support Church of England with taxes
      Let women speak up in meetings and take part in decisions in the church and in the family
      Refused to take oaths (even test oaths, which established that the person wasn’t Catholic)
      Believed all men were equal in God’s eyes
      Pacifists: abhorred strife and warfare and refused military service

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    1. This comment has been removed by the author.

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    2. Movement in North Carolina that was an insurrection against eastern domination of colony's affairs; spearheaded by Scots-Irish; many who participated in this later joined American revolutionaries (including presidents, ex. Andrew Jackson)

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  21. Replies
    1. a. A tiny group of Puritans who vowed to break away entirely from the Church of New England. Many fled to Holland after being harassed by King James I. Some of them, called the Pilgrims, founded Plymouth while Separatist Roger Williams founded the Baptist Church

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  23. Replies
    1. Tecumseh and Battle of TippecanoeA Shawnee leader, who fought against the United States expansion into the Midwest. He opposed any surrender of Native American land to whites, and tried with his brother, Tenskwatawa the "Prophet," in uniting the tribes from American customs, especially liquor. He was defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811

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    1. "Orange Protestants" who supported the act of union between states. They blocked the South Carolina legislature from nullifying tariffs

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    1. Less extreme statement (than the Kentucky Resolution) written by James Madison and adopted by the legislature of Virginia in 1798; compact theory; written to nullify Alien and Sedition Acts; later used by southerners to support secession

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    1. were weary of hearing how their fathers had “whipped” the British Orders on Council that damned the flow of American trade, especially western farm products headed for Europe.

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  27. Replies
    1. 3 american delegates sent to France to negotiate, caused by British and French threatening American shipping, French bribe delegates but US leaves

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  28. Replies
    1. Small landowners who cultivated their own farm; much of American population was a yeoman

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  30. Replies
    1. The Zenger trial was a trial against the author of an article in a New York newspaper that criticized a corrupt British governor. Zenger was charged with sedition and libel, but he was acquitted.

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  31. Next round!! : Anti-Masonic party

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    1. Are we doing chapter 13 terms?

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    2. I guess so?! since we're currently on ch13

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    3. A single-issue, short-lived political party that was founded to be against freemasonry, which Americans viewed as suspicious.

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    4. Oh.. but its not on the exam right?

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  32. Replies
    1. A wealthy colonist of the Virginia Colony, famous as the instigator of Bacon's Rebellion of 1676, which collapsed when Bacon himself died from dysentery.

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  33. Replies
    1. A "Washington Invention" because it wasn't specifically stated in the Constitution. Basically, a group of people that the president elected as his advisors and to help him fulfill his duties.

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    2. first created by George Washington (not in constitution)
      Secretary of State: Thomas Jefferson
      Secretary of the Treasury: Alexander Hamilton
      Secretary of War: Henry Knox

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  35. Replies
    1. Consolidation into a single colony of the New England colonies-and later New York and New Jersey-by royal governor Edmund Andros in 1686; dominion reverted to individual colonial governments three years later.

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  36. Replies
    1. Jefferson came up with the Embargo Act which cut off all trade with all countries. Jefferson hoped this would force the English to come to his terms and stop stealing American sailors. This, however, did not work and greatly hurt American trade.

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    4. Narnia how's life in the wardrobe...? It's been 10 minutes!

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    5. Should "leaving the game for approximately an hour while it's your turn to come up with the next term" be a reason for point deduction, Mr. Gehm (if you're watching)?!

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    6. Carrie, this can be an emergency…. i believe we are allowed to do this

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    7. You're right Iqra:) Just getting tired of refreshing/sec..

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    8. No deduction.... when the wardrobe calls, it calls... what's she going to do?

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  37. Replies
    1. rights and privileges given to freemen. the franchise was extended to give these voting rights to more en and about two fifths of men were able to receive these rights after they were extended

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  38. Replies
    1. a Puritan representative assembly elected by the freemen; they assisted the governor; this was the early form of Puritan democracy in the 1600's

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  39. Replies
    1. Headright system : was to attract immigrants; gave 50 acres of land to anyone who paid their way and/or any plantation owner that paid an immigrants way; mainly a system in the southern colonies.

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    2. sorry brandon i was a bit distracted…..

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  41. Replies
    1. A British policy that stopped American trading shifts and forced sailors to work in the British Navy which helped to start the War of 1812

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  42. Replies
    1. joint-stock company: Short-term partnership between multiple investors to fund a commercial enterprise; such arrangements were used to fund England’s early colonial ventures. These were developed to gather the savings from the middle class to support finance colonies. Ex. London Company and Plymouth Company.

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  43. Replies
    1. jackson was inaugurated as the new president. He invited all to attend a party at the white house. Commoners attended the reception which turned into a mob with people destroying and stealing china. What saved the presidient was that the refreshments were placed outside. Jackson escaped though the side door.
      the phrase is used to refer to the masses and move to democaracy that Jackson seemed to epitomize; it was a negative tern that implied that Jackson believed in too much democracy, and possible anarchy.

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  44. Replies
    1. Louisbourg- French island citadel seized in June-July 1758 by British troops under Jeffery Amherst and James Wolfe. British troops sailed from Halifax, Nova Scotia, under cover of darkness to Cape Breton Island, then had to wait almost a week for heavy fog to lift before attacking. The French defense was sturdy, but a small band of sailors managed to land onshore and secure a beachhead while a shot from a British ship hit a gunpowder store and ignited most of the other French ships. 
The battle turned into a siege, and the French finally surrendered, more than three weeks after the fighting began. 
Important battle in that it cut off French reinforcements. It also allowed the British to sail down the St. Lawrence River to Quebec, the last real French stronghold in North America.

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  45. Next: Maryland Act of Toleration

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    1. A legal document that allowed all Christian religions in Maryland: Protestants invaded the Catholics in 1649 around Maryland: protected the Catholics religion from Protestant rage of sharing the land: Maryland became the #1 colony to shelter Catholics in the New World.

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  46. Replies
    1. a Union of four colonies consisting of the two Massachusetts colonies (The Bay colony and Plymouth colony) and the two Connecticut colonies (New Haven and scattered valley settlements) in 1643. The purpose of the confederation was to defend against enemies such as the Indians, French, Dutch, and prevent intercolonial problems that affected all four colonies.

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  47. Replies
    1. A society established by former officers of the Revolutionary war as a sort of aristocracy in which traditionalism and social status was important. Thomas Jefferson and other civilians thought that this movement threatened the newly formed republic and feared it could turn into an aristocracy so they worked to disband it. This was showed that nothing would stand in the way of a democratic government. This was crucial as this is the point when most revolutions fail, but the determination from Jefferson ceased this early threat.

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  48. Pangaea- the theory that all the continents were once all joined together into a mega-continent.

    NEXT WORD- Quetzalcoatl

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    1. If they don't say next word do I just do one from the next letter?

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    2. Rob, you have to wait for Nirali's post because she got the last one. And you have to answer hers first so you can post your own term.

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  49. Replies
    1. Proprietor: a person who was granted charters of ownership by the king: proprietary colonies were Maryland, Pennsylvania and Delaware: proprietors founded colonies from 1634 until 1681: a famous proprietor is William Penn.

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  50. Replies
    1. Aztec god who was expected to return from the easten sea; this made Moctezuma to allow Cortes to approach the capital (thinking that he was the god)

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  51. Replies
    1. republican motherhood- (page 176) this idea helped educational opportunities for women to expand and women now bore crucial responsibility for the survival of the nation.

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  52. Replies
    1. Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley-- English defeated French in1763. Historical Significance: established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.

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  53. Replies
    1. The British recognized the independence of the United States. It granted boundaries, which stretched from the Mississippi on the west, to the Great Lakes on the north, and to Spanish Florida on the south. The Yankees retained a share of Newfoundland. It greatly upset the Canadians.

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  54. Replies
    1. at the end of a Euro war fought along the Florida & Canadian borders (King William's War &Queen Anne's War, ), the Treaty gave England the French lands of Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, & the area around Hudson Bay

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  55. Next: Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom

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    1. Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom: (pg. 175) 1786, measure enacted by the Virginia legislature prohibiting state support for religious institutions and recognizing freedom of worship. Served as a model for the religion clause of the first amendment to the Constitution.

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  56. Replies
    1. A dissenter, Roger Williams clashed with Massachusetts Puritans over the issue of separation of church and state. After being banished from Massachusetts in 1636, he traveled south, where he founded the colony of Rhode Island, which granted full religious freedom to its inhabitants.

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  57. Replies
    1. Yarrow Mamout a devout Muslim brought to Maryland as a slave, he eventually fought his freedom and settled in Georgetown

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  58. Replies
    1. author of A People's History and Voices, which provide a different light on historical events. shows the POV of the common people rather than from a political standpoint.

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  59. Replies
    1. A meeting that was attended by representatives of seven out of the thirteen British colonies. Its short-term purpose was to keep the Iroquois on the side of the British, and its long-term purpose was to boost colonial unity against the common enemy, France. Its plans for colonial self rule under British direction failed, but they were one of the first attempts of the colonies at uniting for a common cause.

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  61. LET'S DO THIS! Next word: Edward Braddock

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    1. British commander during the French and Indian War. He attempted to capture Fort Duquesne in 1755. He was defeated by the French and the Indians. At this battle, Braddock was mortally wounded.

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  62. Replies
    1. One of the court cases of the Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall. The Cohen brothers were caught illegally selling lottery tickets, and, after being found guilty, appealed to the Supreme Court. Virginia's jurisdiction was upheld, but Marshall also asserted that the federal Supreme Court has, in all cases involving the powers of the federal government, the power to review the decisions of the state supreme courts. He, in this instance, boosted the power of the federal government over the state governments.

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  63. Next word: Dartmouth College v. Woodward

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    1. After New Hampshire annulled charter of Dartmouth college college sued to recover it. Court ruled in favor of Dartmouth, holding that charter was contract protected by Constitution. Established Courts rights to guaranteed contracts between private groups and individuals.

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  64. Ahhh... what, you guys gave up??? What happen Rob.... did they scare you off??

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  65. Narnia - GET OUT OF THE WARDROBE!!!!! YOU HAVE TO POST THE NEXT WORD!!!!! COME ON - APUSH 2 HAS PULLED AHEAD OF YOU GUYS IN THE NUMBER OF POST!!!!!

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    1. SORRRYYYYYY!! I was distracted by Midterms.

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  66. Replies
    1. The period from about 1815 through 1824 where political bickering seemed to subside and people began to agree more with one another. This is historically significant because it shows that political agreement and rivalries can quiet down with bipartisan support.

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  69. Replies
    1. (page 182) a tight knit federation was greatly needed instead of a loose confederation if America was going to survive as a country. The confederation that was implied back then was doomed for failure. The states needed to unite which involved the yielding of their sovereignty and the development of a strong federal government, which in turn left them to deal with internal affairs.

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  70. Replies
    1. An oppressive British prime minister who enforced stricter Navigation Laws starting in 1763. He also supported and created acts like large Quartering Act and the Stamp Act. This is historically significant because these acts were major factors that caused the colonists to rebel in the first place.

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  71. Replies
    1. A religious dissenter whose ideas provoked an intense religious and political crisis in the Massachusetts Bay Colony between 1636 and 1638. She challenged the principles of Massachusetts's religious and political system. Her ideas became known as the heresy of Antinomianism, a belief that Christians are not bound by moral law.

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  72. Replies
    1. Powers assumed by Congress but not explicitly stated in the constitution. This is historically significant because it gives Congress flexibility to assume certain powers because the constitution can not account for every scenario.

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  73. Replies
    1. Colony in Virginia, The first successful settlement in the Virginia colony founded in May, 1607. Harsh conditions nearly destroyed the colony. The settlement became part of the Joint Stock Virginia Company of London in 1620. Grew to be a prosperous shipping port.

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  74. Replies
    1. The King of Great Britain during the 1770's. He was a notoriously bad king, and his reign of taxes and "yes men," including Lord North, infuriated his North American colonies to the point where they rebelled and gained independence. This, of course, was the American Revolution.

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  76. Replies
    1. A black man who led a successful slave uprising in Haiti. His uprising led to Napoleon's decision that focusing colonization efforts in America wasn't worth it. This, of course, also helped spur him to make the Louisiana Purchase with the US.

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  77. Replies
    1. Trial during chief Justice John Marchalls reign; involving the state of Maryland& their right to tax the federal bank--sets precedent for the "loose clause"--increased power of Fed, government

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  78. Replies
    1. These colonial stores sold tar, pitch, rosin, and turpentine- all items that Britain needed to retain dominance over the sea. London thus paid generous sums in order to keep this stores in production.

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    2. Products produced from pine sap, which was, at the time, used in the production of ships. This was, in the 1600's and 1700's, a popular and profitable export from the British colonies.

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    3. Uh, who replied first, me or Hannah? It says 9:45 for both.

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    4. The first reply that shows up. so Hannah.

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  79. Replies
    1. old lights were simply orthodox members of the clergy who believed that the new ways of revivals and emotional preaching were unnecessary. New lights and old lights had conflicting views that changed certain denominations, helped popularize missionary work and assisted in the founding educational centers now known as Ivy League schools.

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  80. Replies
    1. The Paxton Boys were a Scots-Irish group who had an armed march on Philadelphia against the Quakers’ policy toward Indians.

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  81. Replies
    1. founded by Samuel de Champlain who made friendly relations with the Huron Indian tribes and were hated by the Iroquois

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  82. Replies
    1. An era of knowledge and discovery that enticed European interests in foreign lands and trade, which sparked the exploration frenzy that eventually, after the destruction of the Spanish Armada, led to the colonization of North America.

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  83. Replies
    1. Place where Pinckney's Treaty was signed, which gave the US unlimited access to the mouth of the Mississippi

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  84. Last one before I sleep... Good night guys!

    Next Term: Three-Fifths Compromise

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    1. (pg. 189) The three-fifths compromise was where a black slave was counted as three-fifths of a person when they were counting the population. The southern states wanted them counted as one whole person for more representatives in the House of Representatives. The northern states did not want them counted at all.

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  85. NARNIA.... WHAT'S THE NEXT TERM?????? YA KILLING ME HERE!!!

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